Now-a-days, the cases of conjunctivitis are rapidly increasing. Pink eye or eye flu is scientifically known as conjunctivitis, swelling in the conjunctiva, the outermost covering of the eye. There are three types of conjunctivitis: viral conjunctivitis, bacterial conjunctivitis and allergic conjunctivitis.

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  1. Redness in the inner eyelids and in the white part of the eye.
  2. Watery or mucous-like discharge from the eye.
  3. Itching or a gritty sensation (feeling of any foreign thing like sand in the eye).
  4. Swollen eyelids.
  5. Increased sensitivity to light.
  6. Slight loss of vision.


1. Viral conjunctivitis:

Viral conjunctivitis is primarily caused by viruses that also lead to the common cold. It is highly communicable and can easily spread through direct contact with the discharge from the eye. It does not spread through sitting or communicating together.

2. Bacterial conjunctivitis:

Bacterial conjunctivitis results from bacterial infections and is characterized by yellowish or greenish eye discharge. It can also be communicable and is commonly spread through hand-to-eye contact.

3. Allergic conjunctivitis:

Allergic conjunctivitis is caused by the involvement of allergens such as smoke, pollution, dust, animal hair, pollen or certain chemicals. It is not communicable and typically affects both eyes.


  1. Wash your hands with soap frequently, especially after touching your eyes.
  2. Use sunglasses.
  3. Do not share personal belongings like towels, pillows etc.
  4. Clean the discharge from the eyes with a clean cloth or tissue paper.
  5. Avoid wearing contact lenses and disinfect your spectacles frequently.
  6. The eye drops used for infected eyes should not be used for healthy eyes.
  7. Avoid excessive screen time.
  8. Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes to prevent further irritation and spread of the infection.


If you have conjunctivitis, you should immediately visit a doctor. The doctor will recommend antibiotics. Take care to follow the doctor’s instructions. Avoid counter uses of medicines.


Conjunctivitis is a temporary condition. By taking necessary precautions and proper treatment, we can protect our eyes. It may take 2 days to 1 month to settle.