Chandrayaan-3 is the third lunar mission by ISRO. This is ISRO’s follow-up attempt after the Chandrayaan-2 mission faced challenges during its landing in 2019. Chandrayaan-3 has been successfully launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on July 14, 2023, at 2:35 pm IST aiming to soft-land on the southern pole of the moon on Aug 23, 2023, at 5:47 pm IST. European Space Agency(ESA) is supporting the mission according to a contract.

Here are the major differences between Chandrayaan-2 and Chandrayaan-3-

1. It had a lunar orbiter, Vikram lander and Pragyan rover.1. It has Vikram lander and Pyagran rover but not any orbiter.
2. Mass: 3850 Kgs2. Mass: 3900 Kgs
3. Total cost: ₹978 cr.3. Total cost: ₹615 cr.
4. Lander had no Laser Doppler Velocimeter.4. Lander has a Laser Doppler Velocimeter.
5. Consisted of less solar panels in the lander.5. Consists of more solar panels in the lander.
6. Lander had no Laser Retroreflector Array(LRA).6. Lander has a Laser Retroreflector Array(LRA) to understand the dynamics of the moon system.
7. Landing site(around): Latitude: 70S
: Longitude: 22E
7. Landing site(around): Latitude: 69S
: Longitude: 32E
8. It was carrying less fuel.8. Carrying more fuel with a bigger fuel tank.
9. It had only one hazard detection camera.9. It has two hazard detection cameras.

Several leaders congratulated ISRO for this movement-